ICU Full Form
|Medical, Hospital term||Intensive Care Unit|
Intensive Care Unit (ICU Full Form)
ICU stands to be an Intensive Care Unit. This is a department in a hospital that provides life support and intensive care medicine to patients with serious injuries or illnesses. Patients with life-threatening or severe injuries or illnesses require close supervision by a team comprising specialized nurses and doctors. This team has been specially trained to care for severely injured or critically ill patients. If necessary, patients can be transferred to ICU directly from an emergency department. If the patient’s condition is deteriorating continuously, it can be done.
The ICU is equipped by a variety of medical equipments. Some examples are:
- Mechanical ventilators
- Dialysis machine
- External pacemakers
- Syringe Pump
- Infusion Pump
- ECG ( Electrocardiogram)
- Anesthesia Machine
- Blood Warmer
- Patient Monitor
- Suction tubes, feeding tubes, etc.
ICUs also have their own staffs like physical therapists, respiratory therapists, anesthesia specialist and pharmacists etc.
Injuries and illnesses that require ICU
- Severe heart problems like heart attack, extreme low blood pressure.
- Problem in respiratory system due to asthma or complicated pneumonia.
- Accidental cases which need major surgery and immediate action.
- Patients in Coma.
- Liver problems and Kidney failure cases which requires dialysis.
- After a major surgery.
- Extremely low blood pressure can lead to severe complications of the heart.
- Asthma and complicated pneumonia can cause complications in the respiratory system.
- Situations that are not expected to require surgery or urgent intervention.
- Individuals in a coma require treatment in the ICU
- Dialysis is required for kidney disease and liver complications.
- A patient who has had a major surgery will need treatment in the ICU.
- There is an ICU for babies born prematurely or with severe diseases. It is called NICU (neonatal intensive car unit).
There is a special ICU for the babies who born prematurely or born with a serious illness. It is called neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
ICU is also known as Intensive Therapy Unit or Intensive Treatment Unit (ITU) or Critical Care Unit (CCU). The first ICU practitioner was Peter Safar.